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Indicator

Definition

Adult literacy rate

Percentage of persons aged 15 and over who can read and write.

Antenatal care

Percentage of women aged 15-49 years attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel (doctors, nurses or midwives).

Child labour

Percentage of children aged 5 to 14 years of age involved in child labour activities at the moment of the survey.

A child is considered to be involved in child labour activities under the following classification:

  1. children 5 to 11 years of age that during the week preceding the survey did at least one hour of economic activity or at least 28 hours of domestic work, and
  2. children 12 to 14 years of age that during the week preceding the survey did at least 14 hours of economic activity or at least 42 hours of economic activity and domestic work combined.

Contraceptive prevalence

Percentage of women in union aged 15-49 years currently using contraception.

Crude death rate

Annual number of deaths per 1,000 population.

GDP per capita

Gross domestic product (GDP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output.

GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by mid-year population.

Growth is calculated from constant price GDP data in local currency.

GNI per capita

Gross national income (GNI) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad.

GNI per capita is gross national income divided by mid-year population.

Gross enrolment ratios

females as  % of males - Girls’ gross enrolment ratio divided by that of boys, as a percentage.

The gross enrolment ratio is the number of children enrolled in a schooling level (primary or secondary), regardless of age, divided by the population of the age group that officially corresponds to that level.

Gross primary or secondary school enrolment ratio

The number of children enrolled in a level (primary or secondary), regardless of age, divided by the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the same level.

Infant mortality rate

Probability of dying between birth and exactly one year of age expressed per 1,000 live births.

Life expectancy at birth

The number of years newborn children would live if subject to the mortality risks prevailing for the cross-section of population at the time of their birth.

Low birth weight

Less than 2,500 grams.

Maternal mortality ratio

Annual number of deaths of women from pregnancy-related causes per 100,000 live births. This 'reported' column shows country reported figures that are not adjusted for underreporting and misclassification.

Net primary school attendance

Percentage of children in the age group that officially corresponds to primary schooling who attend primary school. These data come from national household surveys.

Net primary school enrolment ratio

 The number of children enrolled in primary school who belong to the age group that officially corresponds to primary schooling, divided by the total population of the same age group.

Net primary school enrolment/attendance 

Derived from net primary school enrolment rates as reported by UNESCO/UIS (UNESCO Institute of Statistics) and from national household survey reports of attendance at primary school.

Primary school entrants reaching grade five

Percentage of the children entering the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade five.

Skilled attendant at delivery

Percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel (doctors, nurses or midwives).

Total fertility rate

The number of children that would be born per woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and bear children at each age in accordance with prevailing age-specific fertility rates.

Under-five mortality rate

Probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age expressed per 1,000 live births.

Underweight

Moderate and severe - below minus two standard deviations from median weight for age of reference population;

Severe - below minus three standard deviations from median weight for age of reference population.

Urban population

Percentage of population living in urban areas as defined according to the national definition used in the most recent population census.

Source: http://www.unicef.org/