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History

Wars during British rule

Year

Name of Conflict

Allies

Opponent(s)

Outcome

1856

Second Opium War

United Kingdom

India

France

China

Victory

Treaties of Tientsin.

1864

Bhutan War

India

Bhutan

Victory

Bhutanese territorial cessions to India.

1878

Second Anglo-Afghan War

United Kingdom

India

Afghanistan

Victory

Treaty of Gandamak, British objectives attained.

1881

Mahdist War

United Kingdom

India

Egypt

Ethiopia

Mahdist Sudan

Victory

Sudan became an Anglo-Egyptian condominium.

1882

Anglo-Egyptian War

United Kingdom

India

Tewfik Pasha

Ahmed Orabi

Victory

Ahmed Orabiexiled, British occupation of Egypt.

1885

Third Anglo-Burmese War

India

Burmese Empire

Victory

The province of Burma became part of the British Raj.

1888

Sikkim Expedition

India

Tibet

Victory

Tibetan forces expelled from Sikkim.

1891

Hunza-Nagar Campaign

India

Hunza

Nagar

Victory

The British gained control of Hunza and Nagar.

1897

Tirah Campaign

India

Afridis

Orakzais

Chamkanis

Victory

Negotiations for peace were then begun with the Afridis.

1899

Boxer Rebellion

Empire of Japan

Russia

United Kingdom

India

France

United States

Germany

Austria-Hungary

Italy

Yihetuan Movement

China

Victory

The rebellion was suppressed.

Signing of the Boxer Protocol.

Provisions for foreign troops to be stationed in Beijing.

1897

First Mohmand Campaign

India

Mohmands

Victory

Punitive expeditionsuccessful.

1899

Second Boer War

United Kingdom

British Cape Colony

Natal Colony

Rhodesia

Australia

India

Canada

New Zealand

British Ceylon

Orange Free State

South African Republic

Victory

Treaty of Vereeniging, British sovereignty over The Orange Free State and the Transvaal.

1903

British expedition to Tibet

India

Tibet

Victory

Treaty enforced, return to status quo.

1914

World War I

France

United Kingdom

South Africa

Australia

Canada

India

Newfoundland

New Zealand

Russian Empire

Italy

United States

Serbia

Japan

Belgium

Greece

Romania

Portugal

Brazil

Germany

DSWA

DOA

Kamerun

DNG

Austria-Hungary

Ottoman Empire

Bulgaria

South African Republic

Victory

End of the German, Russian, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarianempires

Formation of new countries in Europe and the Middle East

Transfer of German colonies and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers

Establishment of the League of Nations.

1919

Turkish War of Independence

Greece

Pontic Rebels

France

French West Africa

Armenia

United Kingdom

India

Georgia

Ankara Government

Kuva-yi Milliye

Defeat[1]

Overthrow of the Ottoman Sultanate.

Treaty of Lausanne.

Establishment of the Republic of Turkey.

1919

Third Anglo-Afghan War

United Kingdom

India

Afghanistan

No clear victor

Treaty of Rawalpindi, Afghan independence recognized.

1919

First Waziristan Campaign

India

Waziristan

Victory

Suppression of insurrection by independent Wazir tribes.

1920

Iraqi revolt

United Kingdom

India

Iraqi rebels

Victory

Faisal I of Iraqinstalled as the King of Iraq.

1925

Pink's War

India

Mahsud tribesmen

Victory

Tribal leaders accept terms.

1935

Second Mohmand Campaign

India

Mohmands

Victory

Jirgaand peace.

1936

Second Waziristan Campaign

India

Waziri tribesmen

Victory

Suppression of insurrection by independent Wazir tribes.

1939

World War II

Soviet Union

United States

Commonwealth of the Philippines

United Kingdom

India

Republic of China

South Africa

Australia

Canada

New Zealand

France

Poland

Yugoslavia

Greece

Denmark

Norway

Netherlands

Belgium

Luxembourg

Czechoslovakia

Germany

Vichy France

Italy

Japan

Manchukuo

Mengjiang

Wang Jingwei regime

Azad Hind

Thailand

Empire of Vietnam

State of Burma

Hungary

Romania

Bulgaria

Victory

Collapse of the German Reich

Creation of the United Nations

Emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union assuperpowers

Beginning of the Cold War

1945

Indonesian National Revolution

Netherlands

United Kingdom

India

Indonesia

Withdrawal

Indian withdrawal after independence in 1947.

The Netherlands recognises Indonesian independence.

1945

Operation Masterdom

United Kingdom

India

France

Japan

Viet Minh

Withdrawal

Start of the First Indochina War, lasting until the Geneva Conference of 1954.