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India

Scheduled languages of India

Sl. No.

Language

Family

State(s)

1

Assamese

Indo-Aryan, North Eastern

Assam, Arunachal Pradesh

2

Bengali

Indo-Aryan, Eastern

West Bengal, Tripura, Assam, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Jharkhand[99]

3

Bodo

Tibeto-Burman

Assam

4

Dogri

Indo-Aryan, North-western

Jammu and Kashmir

5

Gujarati

Indo-Aryan, Western

Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Gujarat

6

Hindi

Indo-Aryan, Central

Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, the National capital territory of Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand

7

Kannada

Dravidian

Karnataka

8

Kashmiri

Indo-Aryan, Dardic

Jammu and Kashmir

9

Konkani

Indo-Aryan, Southern

Goa

10

Maithili

Indo-Aryan, Eastern

Bihar

11

Malayalam

Dravidian

Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry

12

Manipuri

(Meitei or Meithei)

Tibeto-Burman

Manipur

13

Marathi

Indo-Aryan, Southern

Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu

14

Nepali

Indo-Aryan, Northern

Sikkim, West Bengal

15

Oriya

Indo-Aryan, Eastern

Odisha

16

Punjabi

Indo-Aryan, North-western

Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand

17

Sanskrit

Indo-Aryan

Uttarakhand

18

Santali

Munda

Santhal tribes of the Chota Nagpur Plateau (comprising the states of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha)

19

Sindhi

Indo-Aryan, North-western

Sindh (now in Pakistan)

20

Tamil

Dravidian

Tamil Nadu, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Puducherry

21

Telugu

Dravidian

Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Puducherry, Andaman & Nicobar Islands

22

Urdu

Indo-Aryan, Central

Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Delhi, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh