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Firsts in Science and Technology(India)



First central PSU to be privatized

Modern Food Industries in January 2000

First Cloned Animal

Bhass, Sampura

First country to enter Mars’ orbit successfully on their first attempt

Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan)

First Genetically Modified Food Product in India

Bt. Eggplant Hybrid (Bt. -- Bacillus thuringiensis)

First Hydroelectric plant

Sidrapong near Darjeeling, commissioned in 1897

First mobile telephone service started on non-commercial basis

15 August 1995 in Delhi.

First Nuclear Reactor

Apsara, Mumbai, Maharashtra

First Place to get electricity

Darjeeling in 1897

First power in India with Soviet Collaboration

Neyveli Lignite Corporation in 1962.

First Prospective space tourist

Santhosh George Kulangara, proposed in 2009 aboard Virgin Galactic

First Satellite

Aryabhata, launched on 19 April 1975

First Satellite dedicated exclusively for educational services


First satellite earth station for domestic communications

Established in 1980 at Secunderabad, A.P.

First Scientific Expedition to Antarctica


First subscriber trunk dialing route

Commissioned in 1960 between Lucknow and Kanpur.

First Successful indigenous launch vehicle


First technology park in India

Techno park, Trivandrum 1990

First telephone exchange

On 28 January 1882

First Underground Metro Railways System

Calcutta in 1984 .

First wireless telegraph station

Established in 1902 between Sagar Islands and Sandheads.