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First Indian woman pilot

Harita Kaur Deol becomes the first Indian woman pilot in the Indian Air Force (IAF), on a solo flight in 1994.

First Indian woman to be the member of Legion of Honour

Asha Pande

First Indian woman to reach the final of an Olympic event

Pilavullakandi Thekkeparambil Usha, popularly known as P. T. Usha

First Indian woman to sit in civil services exam, to join IFS, to be a diplomat, to become the ambassador/High commissioner

Muthamma Chonira.

First Indian Women to win Magasasay Award

Kamladevi Chattopadhyay

First woman Air Vice Marshal

P. Bandopadhyay

First woman Airline Pilot

Durga Banerjee

First woman Asian Games gold medal winner

Kamlijit Sandhu

First woman Central Minister (in pre-independent India)

Vijayalakshmi Pandit, minister of local self-government and public health, 1937

First woman Chess Grandmaster

Koneru Humpy, 2002. She was also the youngest woman in the world to become a grandmaster at 15 years old.

First woman Chief Justice of a High Court (Himachal Pradesh)

Leila Seth, 1991

First woman Chief Minister of a State

Sucheta Kripalani, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, 1963–1967

First woman Director General of Police

Kanchan Chaudhary Bhattacharya

First woman Doctorate of Science

Asima Chatterjee (1944)

First woman Governor

Sarojini Naidu, Governor of Uttar Pradesh, 1947–1949

First woman Graduates

Kadambini Ganguly and Chandramukhi Basu, 1883

 First woman Head of an Undergraduate Academic Institution

Chandramukhi Basu, 1888

First woman High Court Judge

Anna Chandy

First woman Honours Graduate

Kamini Roy, 1886

First woman IAS officer

Isha Basant Joshi(b1908)

First woman IPS Officer

Kiran Bedi

First woman Lawyer

Cornelia Sorabjee (1892) also the first female graduate from Bombay University, and the first woman in the world to read law at Oxford.

First woman Minister in a government

Rajkumari Amrit Kaur in the Ministry of Health

First woman Monarch of Delhi Sultanate

Razia Sultan (1205–1240) of Mamluk Sultanate (Delhi)

First woman Photojournalist

Homai Vyarawalla (1913)

First woman Physician

Kadambini Ganguly, 1886

First woman President

Pratibha Patil, 2007

First Woman President of the United Nations General Assembly

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, 1953

First woman Prime Minister

Indira Gandhi, 1966

First Woman Railway Minister of India

Mamata Banerjee

First woman Speaker of the Lok Sabha

Meira Kumar

First woman State Finance Minister

Dr. Upinderjit Kaur, in Punjab: October, 2010

First woman Supreme Court judge

Justice M. Fathima Beevi

First Woman to be the Chairperson of State Bank of India

Arundhati Bhattacharya

First Woman to become Railway Minister of India in two different Governments (NDA & UPA)

Mamata Banerjee

First Woman to become Railway Minister of India twice in her tenure

Mamata Banerjee

First woman to climb Mount Everest

Bachendri Pal, 1984

First woman to cross English Channel

Aarti Saha

First woman to Cross Gobi Desert

Sucheta Kadethankar (33): 2011

First woman to get Court martialed

Anjali Gupta in 2005

First Woman to pilot a locomotive engine (train driver) 

Surekha Yadav

First woman to receive Nobel Prize

Mother Teresa of Calcutta

First woman to win 1st round match in a Grand Slam event

Nirupama Vaidyanathan beat Italian Gloria Pizzichini in the first round of the 1998 Australian Open

First women's court in India

Malda, West Bengal (24/1/2013)

First woman to become Indian National Congress President

Annie Besant

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