Pin It

An endangered language is a language that is at a risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its native speakers, it becomes an extinct language.


UNESCO distinguishes four levels of endangerment in languages, based on intergenerational transfer:

  1. Vulnerable: Most children speak the language, but it may be restricted to certain domains (e.g., home).
  2. Definitely endangered: Children no longer learn the language as mother tongue in the home.
  3. Severely endangered: Language is spoken by grandparents and older generations; while the parent generation may understand it, they do not speak it to children or among themselves.
  4. Critically endangered: The youngest speakers are grandparents and older, and they speak the language partially and infrequently.


Critically endangered

Severely endangered

Definitely Endangered


Aimol language

Aiton language

Aka language

Adi language

Baghati language

A'tong language

Asur language

Anal language

Bangani language

Geta language

Badaga language

Angami language

Bellari language

Mech language

Bhadravahi language

Angika language

Birhor language

Remo language (Bonda language)

Bhalesi language

Ao language

Gadaba language (Ollari language)

Tai Phake language

Bharmauri language

Apatani language

Great Andamanese languages


Biete language

Balti language

Handuri language


Brokshat language

Bangni language

Jarawa language (Andaman Islands)


Bunan language

Bhumji language

Koireng language


Byangsi language

Bodo language

Koraga language


Chambeali language

Chang language

Kota language


Churahi language

Chokri language

Kuruba language


Darma language

Dimasa language

Lamgang language


Deori language

Galo language

Lamongse language


Gangte language

Garhwali language

Langrong language


Gorum language

Gondi language

Luro language


Hill Miri language

Gutob language

Manda language


Jad language

Hmar language

Muot language


Jangshung language

Ho language

Naiki language


Jaunsari language

Hrangkhol language

Nihali language


Juang language

Irula language

Onge language


Kachari language

Kabui language

Pangvali language


Kanashi language

Karbi language

Parji language


Kangdi language

Khampti language

Pengo language


Khasali language

Kharia language

Pu language


Khowa language

Khasi language

Purum language


Kinnauri language

Kheza language

Ruga language


Koch language

Khiamngan language

Sanenyo language


Kodagu language

Khoirao language

Sentinelese language


Kolami language

Koda language

Shompen language


Kom language

Konyak language

Sirmaudi language


Konda language (Dravidian)

Korku language

Tai Nora language


Koro language

Korwa language

Tai Rong language


Kului language

Kui language

Takahanyilang language


Kundal Shahi language

Kumaoni language

Tangam language


Kurru language

Kurux language(India)

Tarao language


Kuvi language

Lhota language

Toda language


Limbu language

Liangmai language

Toto language


Lishpa language

Manchad language


Mahasui language

Mao language


Malto language (Paharia language)

Maram language


Mandeali language

Maring language


Mara language

Meithei language


Miji language

Minyong language


Milang language

Mizo language


Mising language

Mundari language


Moyon language

Mzieme language


Nahali language

Nocte language


Pasi language

Nruanghmei language


Singpho language

Nyishi language


Tiwa language

Padam language


Turi language

Padri language


Zangskari language

Paite language


Phom language


Pochuri language


Purik language


Rabha language


Rengma language


Rongpo language


Sangtam language


Sherdukpen language


Simi language


Sora language


Spiti language


Tagin language


Tamang language


Tangkhul language


Tangsa language


Thado language


Tulu language


Wancho language


Yimchungru language


Zeme language



How to use Mind maps?

  1. Use Mind maps to read the topics faster with a complete topic coverage.
  2. Try to write sentences or paragraphs using Mind maps. This will help you to write better in your Mains examination. It also aids in engraving the topic better in your mind.
  3. Use them as flash cards to revise topics.
  4. Download the images into your devices to study in your leisure times or while travelling.
  5. Use Mind maps to read and revise faster during last minute preparations.

Connect with facebook page to get regular updates on new mind maps:  https://www.facebook.com/mindmapcharts/

For any other queries kindly mail to:  mindmapcharts@gmail.com