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Culture

Endangered languages in India

An endangered language is a language that is at a risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its native speakers, it becomes an extinct language.

 

UNESCO distinguishes four levels of endangerment in languages, based on intergenerational transfer:

  1. Vulnerable: Most children speak the language, but it may be restricted to certain domains (e.g., home).
  2. Definitely endangered: Children no longer learn the language as mother tongue in the home.
  3. Severely endangered: Language is spoken by grandparents and older generations; while the parent generation may understand it, they do not speak it to children or among themselves.
  4. Critically endangered: The youngest speakers are grandparents and older, and they speak the language partially and infrequently.

 

Critically endangered

Severely endangered

Definitely Endangered

Vulnerable

Aimol language

Aiton language

Aka language

Adi language

Baghati language

A'tong language

Asur language

Anal language

Bangani language

Geta language

Badaga language

Angami language

Bellari language

Mech language

Bhadravahi language

Angika language

Birhor language

Remo language (Bonda language)

Bhalesi language

Ao language

Gadaba language (Ollari language)

Tai Phake language

Bharmauri language

Apatani language

Great Andamanese languages

 

Biete language

Balti language

Handuri language

 

Brokshat language

Bangni language

Jarawa language (Andaman Islands)

 

Bunan language

Bhumji language

Koireng language

 

Byangsi language

Bodo language

Koraga language

 

Chambeali language

Chang language

Kota language

 

Churahi language

Chokri language

Kuruba language

 

Darma language

Dimasa language

Lamgang language

 

Deori language

Galo language

Lamongse language

 

Gangte language

Garhwali language

Langrong language

 

Gorum language

Gondi language

Luro language

 

Hill Miri language

Gutob language

Manda language

 

Jad language

Hmar language

Muot language

 

Jangshung language

Ho language

Naiki language

 

Jaunsari language

Hrangkhol language

Nihali language

 

Juang language

Irula language

Onge language

 

Kachari language

Kabui language

Pangvali language

 

Kanashi language

Karbi language

Parji language

 

Kangdi language

Khampti language

Pengo language

 

Khasali language

Kharia language

Pu language

 

Khowa language

Khasi language

Purum language

 

Kinnauri language

Kheza language

Ruga language

 

Koch language

Khiamngan language

Sanenyo language

 

Kodagu language

Khoirao language

Sentinelese language

 

Kolami language

Koda language

Shompen language

 

Kom language

Konyak language

Sirmaudi language

 

Konda language (Dravidian)

Korku language

Tai Nora language

 

Koro language

Korwa language

Tai Rong language

 

Kului language

Kui language

Takahanyilang language

 

Kundal Shahi language

Kumaoni language

Tangam language

 

Kurru language

Kurux language(India)

Tarao language

 

Kuvi language

Lhota language

Toda language

 

Limbu language

Liangmai language

Toto language

 

Lishpa language

Manchad language

   

Mahasui language

Mao language

   

Malto language (Paharia language)

Maram language

   

Mandeali language

Maring language

   

Mara language

Meithei language

   

Miji language

Minyong language

   

Milang language

Mizo language

   

Mising language

Mundari language

   

Moyon language

Mzieme language

   

Nahali language

Nocte language

   

Pasi language

Nruanghmei language

   

Singpho language

Nyishi language

   

Tiwa language

Padam language

   

Turi language

Padri language

   

Zangskari language

Paite language

     

Phom language

     

Pochuri language

     

Purik language

     

Rabha language

     

Rengma language

     

Rongpo language

     

Sangtam language

     

Sherdukpen language

     

Simi language

     

Sora language

     

Spiti language

     

Tagin language

     

Tamang language

     

Tangkhul language

     

Tangsa language

     

Thado language

     

Tulu language

     

Wancho language

     

Yimchungru language

     

Zeme language