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Awards

Bharat Ratna

Year

Laureates

Facts

1954

C. Rajagopalachari

Independence activist, last and only Indian Governor-General of India

 

C. V. Raman

Nobel laureatephysicist (1930)

 

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

Philosopher, India's first Vice-President (195262), and second President (196267)

1955

Bhagwan Das

Independence activist, theosophist, and founder of Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith

 

Visvesvaraya

Civil engineer, statesman and Diwan of Mysore (191218)

 

Jawaharlal Nehru

Independence activist, author, and first Prime Minister of India (194764)

1957

Govind Ballabh Pant

Independence activist, first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (195054)

1958

Dhondo Keshav Karve

Social reformer

1961

Bidhan Chandra Roy

Physician-Surgeon and second Chief Minister of West Bengal (194862)

 

Purushottam Das Tandon

Independence activist, educator

1962

Rajendra Prasad

Independence activist, lawyer, first President of India (195062)

1963

Zakir Hussain

Independence activist, second Vice-President of India (196267), and third President of India (196769)

 

Pandurang Vaman Kane

Indologist and Sanskrit scholar

1966

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Independence activist and third Prime Minister of India (196466)

1971

Indira Gandhi

Former Prime Minister of India (196677, 198084)

1975

V. V. Giri

Trade unionist, first Acting President of India, and fourth President of India (196974)

1976

K. Kamaraj

Independence activist and former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (195457, 195762, 196263)

1980

Mother Teresa

Catholic nun, founder of the Missionaries of Charity and Nobel peace prize laureate (1979)

1983

Vinoba Bhave

Independence activist, social reformer, and Ramon Magsaysay Award laureate (1958)

1987

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Independence activist

1988

M. G. Ramachandran

Film actor and former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (197780, 198084, 198587)

1990

B. R. Ambedkar

Chief architect of the Indian Constitution and social reformer

 

Nelson Mandela

Leader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa and Nobel Peace Prize laureate(1993)

1991

Rajiv Gandhi

Ninth Prime Minister of India (198489)

 

Vallabhbhai Patel

Independence activist and first Deputy Prime Minister of India (194750)

 

Morarji Desai

Independence activist and sixth Prime Minister of India (197779)

1992

Abul Kalam Azad

Independence activist

 

J. R. D. Tata

Industrialist and philanthropist

 

Satyajit Ray

Filmmaker

1997

Gulzarilal Nanda

Independence activist and two times interim Prime Minister of India

 

Aruna Asaf Ali

Independence activist

 

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Aerospace and Defense Scientist, eleventh President of India (200207)

1998

M. S. Subbulakshmi

Carnatic classical vocalist

 

Chidambaram Subramaniam

Independence activist and former Minister of Agriculture of India (196466)

1999

Jayaprakash Narayan

Independence activist and social reformer

 

Ravi Shankar

Hindustani classical Sitar player

 

Amartya Sen

Nobel laureateeconomist (1998)

 

Gopinath Bordoloi

Independence activist, first Chief Minister of Assam (194650)

2001

Lata Mangeshkar

Playback singer

 

Bismillah Khan

Hindustani classical Shehnai player

2009

Bhimsen Joshi

Hindustani classical vocalist

2013

C. N. R. Rao

Chemist

 

Sachin Tendulkar

Cricketer

2014

Madan Mohan Malaviya

Educationist and politician (President of Indian National Congress (INC) in 1909, 1918)

 

Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Former Prime Minister of India (1996), (1998), (1999-2004), poet