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Environment

List of Biosphere reserves of India

Sl. No.

Name

Year

State

Location

Type

Key Fauna

Area (km²)

1

Panna

2011

Madhya Pradesh

Part of Panna and

Chattarpur Districts

Catchment area of the Ken River

Tiger, Chital, Chinkara, Sambhar and Sloth bear

543

2

Seshachalam Hills

2010

Andhra Pradesh

Seshachalam Hill Ranges covering parts of Chittoor and Kadapa districts

Eastern Ghats

 

4755

3

Cold Desert

2009

Himachal Pradesh

Pin Valley National Park and surroundings; Chandratal and Sarchu & Kibber Wildlife Sancturary

WesternHimalayas

Snow Leopard

7770

4

Great Rann of Kutch

2008

Gujarat

Part of Kutch, Rajkot,

Surendranagar and Patan Districts

Desert

Indian Wild Ass

12454

5

Achanakamar-Amarkantak

2005

Madhya Pradesh,

Chhattisgarh

Part of Annupur, Dindori and

Bilaspur districts

Maikala Hills

 

3835

6

Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve

2001

Kerala,

Tamil Nadu

Neyyar, Peppara and Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary and their adjoining areas

Western ghats

Nilgiri Tahr, Elephants

1828

7

Khangchendzonga

2000

Sikkim

Parts of Kanchenjunga Hills

East Himalayas

Snow Leopard, Red Panda

2620

8

Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve

1999

Madhya Pradesh

Parts of Betul District,

Hoshangabad District and

Chhindwara District

Semi-Arid

Giant Squirrel,

Flying Squirrel

4981.72

9

Dihang-Dibang

1998

Arunachal Pradesh

Part of Siang and Dibang Valley

Eastern Himalaya

 

5112

10

Dibru-Saikhowa

1997

Assam

Part of Dibrugarh and

Tinsukia districts

East Himalayas

Golden Langur

765

11

Simlipal

1994

Odisha

Part of Mayurbhanj district

Deccan Peninsula

Gaur, Royal Bengal Tiger,

Wild elephant

4374

12

Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve

1989

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Southern most islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Islands

Saltwater Crocodile

885

13

Manas

1989

Assam

Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon,

Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup and Darrang Districts

East Himalayas

Golden Langur, Red Panda

2837

14

Sundarbans

1989

West Bengal

Part of delta of Ganges and

Brahmaputra river system

Gangetic Delta

Royal Bengal Tiger

9630

15

Gulf of Mannar

1989

Tamil Nadu

Indian part of Gulf of Mannar extending from Rameswaram island in the North to Kanyakumari in the South of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka

Coasts

Dugongor Sea Cow

10500

16

Nokrek

1988

Meghalaya

Part of Garo Hills

East Himalayas

Red Panda

820

17

Nanda Devi National Park& Biosphere Reserve

1988

Uttarakhand

Parts of Chamoli District, Pithoragarh District & Bageshwar District

Western Himalayas

 

5860

18

Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

1986

Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka

Part of Waynad, Nagarhole,

Bandipur and Mudumalai,

Nilambur, Silent Valley and

Anaimalai Hills

Western Ghats

Nilgiri Tahr,

Lion-tailed macaque

5520