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History

Famines in India under British rule

Name of famine

Period

Affected Territory

Mortality

Great Bengal Famine

176970

Bihar, Northern and Central Bengal

10 million(about one third of the then population of Bengal).

Madras famine

178283

Madras cityand surrounding areas

Kingdom of Mysore

 

Chalisa famine

178384

Delhi, Western Oudh, Eastern Punjab region, Rajputana, and Kashmir

Severe famine. Large areas were depopulated. Up to 11 million people may have died during the years 178284.

Doji barafamineor

Skull famine

179192

Hyderabad, Southern Maratha country, Deccan, Gujarat, andMarwar

One of the most severe famines known.

People died in such numbers that they could not be cremated or buried.

It is thought that 11 million people may have died during the years 178894.

Agra famine

183738

Central Doab and trans-Jumna districts of the North-Western Provinces (later Agra Province), including Delhi and Hissar

800,000.

Upper Doab famine

186061

Upper Doab of Agra; Delhi and Hissar divisions of the Punjab, Eastern Rajputana

2 million.

Orissa famine

186567

Orissa (also 1867) and Bihar; Bellary and Ganjam districts of Madras

1 million (814,469 in Orissa, 135,676 in Bihar and 10,898 in Ganjam)

Rajputana famine

186870

Ajmer, Western Agra, Eastern Punjab, Rajputana

1.5 million (mostly in the princely states of Rajputana)

Bihar famine

187374

Bihar

There were little to none significant mortalities during the famine.

Great Famine of 187678

187678

Madras and Bombay

Mysore and Hyderabad

5.5 million in British territory.

Mortality unknown for princely states.

Total famine mortality estimates vary from 6.1 to 10.3 million.

Not named

188889

Ganjam, Orissa and North Bihar

150,000 deaths in Ganjam.

Deaths were due to starvation as famine relief was not provided in time.

Indian famine

189697

Madras, Bombay Deccan, Bengal, United Provinces, Central Provinces, Northern and eastern Rajputana, parts of Central India and Hyderabad

5 million in British territory.

Indian famine 

18991900

Bombay, Central Provinces, Berar, Ajmer, Hyderabad, Rajputana, Central India, Baroda, Kathiawar, Cutch

1 million (in British territories).

Mortality unknown for princely states.

Not named

190506

Bombay,

Bundelkhand

235,062 in Bombay (of which 28,369 attributed to Cholera).

Mortality unknown for Bundelkhand.

Bengal famine

194344

Bengal

1.5 million from starvation; 3.5 million including deaths from epidemics.