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History

Modern India

Year

Event

1628

Jehangir dies, and is succeeded by his son Shah Jahan.

1658

Shah Jahan completes Taj Mahal, Jama Masjid, and Red Fort.

Shah Jahan dies, and is succeeded by his son Aurangzeb.

1659

Shivaji defeats Adilshahi troops at the Battle of Pratapgarh.

1674

Forces led by Shivaji defeat Aurangzeb's troops, and establishes Maratha Empire.

1675

Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs is executed in Delhi by the order of Aurangzeb for his support for the Kashmiri Hindus to practice their religion.

Guru Gobind Singh becomes tenth Guru of Sikhs.

1680

Shivajidies of fever at Raigad. Sambhaji becomes 2nd Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire.

1681

Aurangzeb invades the Deccan

1689

Chatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj dies.

1699

Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Guru of Sikhs creates Khalsa, the saint-soldier at Anandpur Sahib, Punjab.

1707

Death of Aurangzeb the Mughal emperor.

1708

Guru Granth Sahibbecomes Guru of Sikhs.

1757

Battle of Plassey

1761

The Marathas are routed in the Third Battle of Panipat on 14 January 1761, by the Afghans led by Ahmad Shah Durrani.

1764

Battle of Buxar(British victory against allied Mughal, Bengal and Oudh forces)

1767

First Anglo-Mysore Warbegins, in which Haidar Ali of Mysore defeats the combined armies of the East India Company, the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad.

1771

Marathasre-captures Delhi and parts of North India.

1773

Regulating Act of 1773

1773

Warren Hastingsappointed as first Governor-General of India

1775

First Anglo-Maratha War

1779

Maratha Sardar Mahadji Shinde routs the East India Company army at the Battle of  Wadgaon.

War ends with the restoration of status quo as perTreaty of Salbai.

1780

Second Anglo-Mysore Warbegins.

1784

Second Anglo-Mysore Warends with the Treaty of Mangalore.

1786

District collectorsin Bengal were made responsible for settling the revenue and collecting it.

1789

Third Anglo-Mysore Warbegins.

1792

Third Anglo-Mysore Warends.

1798

Fourth Anglo-Mysore Warbegins.

1799

Fourth Anglo-Mysore Warends with the death of Tipu Sultan, the victory of the East India Company, and the restoration of their ally, the Wodeyar dynasty of Mysore.

1799

Polygar War

1800

Death of Nana Fadnavis

1801

Maharaja Ranjit Singh establishes Khalsa rule of Punjab from Lahore.

Khalsa army liberates Kashmiri Pundits and invades Afghanistan through Khyber Pass.

1803

Second Anglo-Maratha Warbegins

1805

Second Anglo-Maratha Warends

1806

Vellore Mutiny

1809

East India Company signs the first Treaty of Amritsar with Ranjit Singh

1814

"Atmiya Sabha" Established Later on known as "Prarthana Samaj" By Raja Ram Mohan Roy

1817

Third Anglo-Maratha Warbegins

1818

Third Anglo-Maratha Warends with the defeat of Bajirao II and the end of the Maratha Empire leaving the East India Company with control of almost the whole of India

1839

First Anglo-Afghan War

1845

First Anglo-Sikh Wars

1853

Started Post Service

1853

First Railway established between Bombay and Thane

1855

Santhal rebellion

1856

Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act, 1856

1857

Indian Rebellion of 1857

1857

Established first three University of Mumbai, University of Madras and University of Calcutta in India

1867

"Prarthana Samaj" Established Earlier known as "Atmiya Sabha"

1875

"Arya Samaj" Established

1877

Delhi DurbarFirst time

1885

Indian National CongressEstablished

1899

"Mithra Mela"Established by V.D.Savarkar.

1902

Anushilan Samiti, organized revolutionary association formed.

1903

British Expedition to Tibet

 

Delhi DurbarSecond Time.

1905

Partition of Bengal

1906

Jugantarformed.

1906

Muslim Leagueformed in Dacca.

1908

Alipore bomb case

1909

Morley-Minto Reforms

1911

Cancellation of Partition of Bengal

1911

Delhi DurbarThird Time

1911

British government change capital city from Calcutta to Delhi.

1912

Delhi conspiracy case

1913

Gadar Partyformed.

1913

Rabindranath Tagorewon Nobel Prize in Literature

1914

HinduGerman Conspiracy

1915

Ghadar conspiracy

 

Provisional Government of Indiaformed in Kabul.

 

Mahatma Gandhireturns to India.

1916

Lucknow Pact

1917

Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha

1919

Jallianwala Bagh massacre

 

MontaguChelmsford Reforms

 

Rowlatt Actis passed

1920

Non-cooperation movement Khilafat Movement

1922

Chauri Chaura incident

1924

Hindustan Socialist Republican Associationis formed

1925

Kakori conspiracy

1927

Simon Commission

1928

Bardoli Satyagraha

1929

Central Assembly Bombed by Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt.

 

Purna Swarajresolution.

1930

Salt Satyagraha, the civil disobedience movement, begins with the Dandi march

 

Round Table Conferences (India)First

1931

GandhiIrwin Pact

 

Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev Martyred

 

Round Table Conferences (India)Second

1932

Poona Pact

 

Communal Award

 

Round Table Conferences (India)Third

1935

Government of India Act 1935

1937

Indian provincial elections, 1937

1939

All India Forward BlocEstablished by Subhas Chandra Bose

1940

Lahore Resolution

 

August offer 1940

1942

Quit India Movement

 

Cripps' mission

 

Indian National ArmyEstablished by Subhas Chandra Bose

1943

Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind, the Provisional Government of Free India formed by Netaji.

1944

Subhas Chandra Bose calls Mahatma Gandhi as the Father of the Nation.

1945

Wavell Plan

Simla Conference.

1946

Royal Indian Navy Mutiny

 

Cabinet Mission

 

Direct Action Day/Great Calcutta Killings

1947

Indian Independence Act 1947by British Raj.

 

Partition of Indiaand Pakistan becomes an independent state on 14 August 1947.[16]

 

Freedom from British Raj.

 

Hundreds of thousands die in widespread communal bloodshed after partition. (to 1948)

1948

Mahatma Gandhiassassinated by a right wing Hindu nationalist Nathuram Godse.

 

War with Pakistanover disputed territory of Kashmir.

 

Telangana and other princely states integrated in Indian union

1950

India became Republic.

1951

Congress Party wins first general elections under leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru. (to 1952)

1962

war over disputed territory of Kashmir [16] with China.

 

Indiawon Diu, Daman and Goa from Portuguese India.

1964

Death of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.

1965

Second warwith Pakistan over Kashmir.

1966

Nehru's daughter Indira Gandhi becomes prime minister.

1971

Third warwith Pakistan over creation of Bangladesh, formerly East Pakistan.

 

Twenty-year treaty of friendship signed with Soviet Union.

1974

India explodes first nuclear device in underground test.

1975

Indira Gandhideclares state of emergency after being found guilty of electoral malpractice.

 

Nearly 1,000 political opponents imprisoned and programme of compulsory birth control introduced. (to 1977)

1977

Indira Gandhi's Congress Party loses general elections. Janata Party comes to power.Communist party of India comes into power in West Bengal.

1979

Janata Party Splits. Chaudhary Charan Singh becomes Prime Minister.

1980

Indira Gandhireturns to power heading Congress party splinter group, Congress (Indira).

1983

N. T. Rama RaoNTR's 9 month old Telugu Desam Comes in to Power in AP marks a new Challenger post Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan against Indira Gandhi.

1984

Troops storm Golden Temple - Sikhs' most holy shrine - to flush out Sikh militants pressing for self-rule, called Operation Blue Star. "Anti-Sikh Riots 1984".

 

Indira Gandhiassassinated by Sikh bodyguards, following which her son, Rajiv, takes over.

 

Many Sikhs were killed due to the assassination of Indira Gandhi, and the government did not do anything.

1987

India deploys troops for peacekeeping operation in Sri Lanka's ethnic conflict.

1989

Falling public support leads to Congress defeat in general election.

1989

National Front (India)Headed by V. P. Singh and led by Janata Dal formed and stormed into power with outside support from BJP and CPI.

1990

Muslim separatist groups begin campaign of violence in Kashmir.

1991

Rajiv Gandhiassassinated by suicide bomber sympathetic to Sri Lanka's Tamil Tigers.

 

Economic reform programme begun by Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao.

1992

Hinduextremists demolish mosque in Ayodhya, triggering widespread Hindu-Muslim violence.

 

Over 200 people die in Cuttack in Odisha, after drinking illegally brewed liquor in the 1992 Odisha liquor deaths incident.

1995

West Bengal Chief Minister Jyoti Basu made the first call from Kolkata to inaugurate the cellular services in India

1996

Congress suffers worst ever electoral defeat as Hindu nationalist BJP emerges as largest single party.

1996

The Amarnath Yatra tragedy in which at least 194 pilgrims are reported to have frozen to death in northern Kashmir after being stranded by violent rain and snow storms.

1998

BJP forms coalition government under Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

 

India carries out nuclear tests, leading to widespread international condemnation.

1999

Vajpayeemakes historic bus trip to Pakistan to meet Premier Nawaz Sharif and to sign bilateral Lahore peace declaration.

 

Tension in Kashmir leads to brief war with Pakistan-backed forces in the icy heights around Kargil in Indian-held Kashmir.

 

Cyclone devastates eastern state of Odisha, leaving at least 10,000 dead.

2000

US President Bill Clinton makes a ground breaking visit to improve ties.

 

India marks the birth of its billionth citizen.

2001

A high-powered rocket is launched, adding India to the club of countries able to fire big satellites deep into space.

 

Massive earthquakes hit the western state of Gujarat, leaving at least 30,000 dead.

 

US lifts sanctions which it imposed against India and Pakistan after they staged nuclear tests in 1998. The move is seen as a reward for their support for the US-led anti-terror campaign.

 

India and Pakistan fire at each other's military posts in the heaviest firing along the dividing line of control in Kashmir for almost a year.[18]

2002

War of words between Indian and Pakistani leaders intensifies. Actual war seems imminent.

 

India successfully test-fires a nuclear-capable ballistic missile - the Agni - off its eastern coast.

2004

India, along with Brazil, Germany and Japan, launches an application for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council.

 

Thousands are killed when tsunami tidal waves, caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake off the Indonesian coast, devastate coastal communities in the south and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

2006

India's largest-ever rural jobs scheme is launched, aimed at lifting around 60 million families out of poverty.

 

US and India sign a nuclear agreement during a visit by US President George W Bush. The US gives India access to civilian nuclear technology while India agrees to greater scrutiny for its nuclear programme.

2007

India and Pakistan sign an agreement aimed at reducing the risk of accidental nuclear war.

 

India's first commercial space rocket is launched, carrying an Italian satellite.

 

Pratibha Patilbecomes first woman to be elected president of India.

2008

India successfully launches its first mission to the moon, the unmanned lunar probe Chandrayaan-1.

 

Nearly 200 people are killed and hundreds injured in a series of coordinated attacks by gunmen on the main tourist and business area of India's financial capital Mumbai. India blames militants from Pakistan for the attacks and demands that Islamabad take strong action against those responsible.

2009

India and Russia sign deals worth $700 million, according to which Moscow will supply uranium to Delhi.

 

Delhi court decriminalizes gay sex

2011

After 34 years of Left Front Government, Trinamool Congress and Congress alliance come to power in West Bengal

2012

Pranab Mukherjee, the former Finance Minister is elected as the 13th president of India.

2013

Mars Orbiter Mission, is successfully launched into Earth orbit by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).